Analysis-Russia hails capture of Luhansk region, but big Ukraine battles lie ahead


KYIV (Reuters) – Though Russia can declare a prize with its capture of Ukraine’s jap Luhansk area, it’s removed from Moscow’s formidable early warfare goals and doesn’t deal Kyiv a decisive army blow.

The Russian assault will now change its focus to the remainder of the Donbas industrial heartland, but Kyiv will discover it simpler to defend fortified positions in Donetsk area and the battles that can form the warfare’s course nonetheless lie ahead, army analysts stated.

“I believe it is a tactical victory for Russia but at an unlimited value throughout the context of redefined army targets,” stated Neil Melvin, a London-based RUSI assume tank analyst.

Russian President Vladimir Putin congratulated his troops on Monday for “liberating” Luhansk area, promising medals for heroism and saying that troopers ought to get some relaxation. Three Russian cosmonauts despatched a celebratory message from area.

It is a milestone for a warfare machine that deserted an assault on Kyiv within the battle’s early weeks to give attention to capturing the Donbas, made up of Luhansk and Donetsk – swathes of which Kyiv nonetheless controls.

Russia says it needs to wrest the Donbas from Ukraine on behalf of Moscow-backed separatists in two self-proclaimed folks’s republics whose independence it recognised on the eve of the warfare.

The Battle for the Donbas started round mid-April and it has taken since then for Russia to drive Ukraine from simply Luhansk, a big chunk of which was already held by Moscow-backed separatist proxies earlier than the Feb. 24 invasion.

“This (the capture of Luhansk) is a redefined goal and a really small goal in a approach. And Russia has put its full army drive into reaching this objective and nonetheless it has taken almost 60 days,” Melvin stated.

Russia’s preliminary warfare goals went far past the Donbas and capturing Luhansk area, and certain included a change of authorities or at the very least altering ex-Soviet Ukraine’s westward orientation, stated Rob Lee of the U.S.-based Foreign Policy Research Institute. They additionally included “de-militarising” Ukraine.

“Clearly Russia had extra formidable goals originally of the warfare,” he stated.


Russia has switched its battlefield ways, utilizing long-range shelling to drive Ukrainian forces from positions earlier than sending in floor forces, making sluggish, grinding progress reminiscent of World War One, analyst say.

“This is not a approach to construct momentum; they’re taking comparatively small quantity of territory every day and within the context of trendy warfare, that is very sluggish progress. The Russians are burning by way of their superior gear and personnel, so they’re paying a worth for this,” stated Melvin.

Ukraine’s governor of Luhansk area advised Reuters its capture after Ukraine withdrew from Lysychansk metropolis was a “painful” loss, but that it had saved troopers from being fully surrounded and pounded by artillery.

“In phrases of the army, it’s dangerous to depart positions, but there may be nothing crucial. We have to win the warfare, not the battle for Lysychansk,” Governor Sergiy Gaidai stated.

He predicted Donetsk area’s metropolis of Sloviansk and city of Bakhmut could be the targets of Russia’s subsequent offensive. He urged overseas powers to step up heavy weapons provides, saying the West had “understood too late” the state of affairs in Ukraine.

The invasion has killed hundreds, displaced thousands and thousands and flattened cities, notably in Russian-speaking areas within the east and southeast of Ukraine.

Kyiv and the West say Russia is waging an unprovoked warfare of aggression and accuse Moscow of warfare crimes. Moscow denies that and calls its actions a particular army operation to degrade Ukraine’s army, root out harmful nationalists in energy and shield Russian audio system from Ukraine.


Lee stated it had been arduous for Ukraine to carry positions in Lysychansk and the town of Sievierodonetsk, one other frontline stronghold that fell on June 25, each of which lay on Ukrainian-held land that jutted into Russian-held territory.

Kyiv was unable to ship heavy artillery and air defences to cowl its troops there as a result of they might have been uncovered, an obstacle it is not going to have if a brand new defensive position takes form close to Sloviansk and close by Kramatorsk, he stated.

“That variety of line ought to be simpler for Ukraine to defend with lengthy vary artillery and lengthy vary air defence programs, to allow them to use that to supply cowl so that they get the Ukrainian troops combating there as a result of they are not on this deep salient,” he stated.

He predicted Russia would possibly make extra small positive aspects within the east within the meantime.

Russia, which annexed the peninsula of Crimea in 2014, captured swathes of southern Ukraine, claiming management of the strategically vital Kherson area that appears out onto the Black Sea and the place Ukraine says it plans a counter-offensive.

The key battle of the warfare remains to be but to come back and Ukraine possible sees its counter-offensive in Kherson as of higher strategic significance than the struggle for the Donbas, stated Melvin.

“The Battle in Donbas isn’t going to be the strategic battle for Ukraine; that battle is prone to happen within the south,” he stated.

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