Explainer-What we all know thus far about El Salvador’s volcano-powered bitcoin bond


MIZATA, El Salvador/LONDON (Reuters) – El Salvador plans to construct the world’s first “Bitcoin Metropolis” with cash from a $1 billion bitcoin-backed bond the nation’s President Nayib Bukele mentioned on Saturday.

Here’s what we all know in regards to the proposed bond and among the particulars that also should be stuffed in.


Bukele mentioned El Salvador deliberate to situation the bond in 2022, suggesting it may very well be as quickly as in 60 days time.

Half of the $1 billion sum could be transformed to bitcoin and the opposite half used for infrastructure and bitcoin mining.

Samson Mow, chief technique officer of blockchain expertise firm Blockstream who was on stage with Bukele mentioned that the ‘volcano bonds’ – the brand new metropolis will probably be powered with geothermal power from a close-by volcano – will probably be U.S. dollar-denominated 10-year bonds and carry a coupon of 6.5%.

That’s nicely under the 13.5% rate of interest yield El Salvador’s 10-year bonds are presently buying and selling at. The premium traders demand to carry El Salvador bonds quite than ultra-safe U.S. authorities bonds has additionally greater than doubled since June when Bukele’s push to make bitcoin authorized tender began.

Extra bitcoin-back bonds are additionally deliberate and Mow mentioned he anticipated different nations to do the identical. He additionally speculated that the strikes would take in sufficient bitcoin to push up the worth of cryptocurrency. That may permit El Salvador to then repay the bond with earnings produced from promoting the bitcoin once more.

After a 5 12 months ‘lock-up’, El Salvador might additionally begin promoting among the bitcoin to present traders an “extra coupon” yearly, Mow mentioned.

Crypto alternate Bitfinex was listed because the e-book runner for the bond on a presentation proven on a big display on the stage. The bonds will probably be bought in $100 tranches to “democratize entry” to them.

The bonds will be capable of be traded 24/7 with different belongings like stablecoins, in response to a blogpost https://weblog.blockstream.com/el-salvador-to-issue-1b-in-tokenized-bonds-on-the-liquid-network from Blockstream, Mow’s firm which plans to situation the bonds.


It isn’t identified when precisely subsequent 12 months the bond could be launched or when El Salvador would purchase the $500 million price of bitcoin it sees as essential to the plan.

The authorized rights of would-be consumers have additionally not but been detailed. Most authorities bonds are strict authorized contracts that imply the federal government is accountable if the debt will not be repaid in full and on time. These which are bought on worldwide bond markets in {dollars} are sometimes issued beneath widely-trusted U.S. or British legal guidelines.

It is usually not identified what would occur to the brand new bonds if the nation defaulted on its current conventional bonds. The federal government’s subsequent bond deadline is an $800 million compensation due in January 2023. That bond is presently buying and selling at a close to 20% low cost from its face worth as a consequence of El Salvador’s debt issues.

The Worldwide Financial Fund, whose assist El Salvador is predicted to wish to ease its issues, has not but commented on the volcano bond plan. Earlier within the 12 months it mentioned it had each financial and authorized considerations about El Salvador making bitcoin authorized tender.

(Reporting by Marc Jones in London and Sarah Kinosian in Mizata, El Salvador; Enhancing by Lincoln Feast.)

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