BRUSSELS (Reuters) – Cloud providers suppliers corresponding to Amazon and Microsoft and different data processing service suppliers should arrange safeguards in opposition to unlawful data transfers to non-EU governments, in accordance to the European Commission’s Data Act to be printed this month.
The proposed rule, seen by Reuters, units out rights and obligations on using EU data corresponding to sensible equipment and shopper items, and is a part of a raft of legislations aimed toward reining in U.S. tech giants and serving to the bloc meet its inexperienced and digital targets.
EU issues about data transfers have been rising ever since former U.S. intelligence contractor Edward Snowden’s revelations in 2013 of mass U.S. surveillance.
Europe’s prime courtroom in 2020 scrapped a transatlantic data switch deal relied on by hundreds of firms for providers starting from cloud infrastructure to payroll and finance due to related issues. The United States and the EU have been attempting to give you a brand new deal.
The Data Act goes additional than present curbs on the switch of non-public data exterior the 27-nation bloc by extending such restrictions to non-private data.
“Concerns round illegal entry by non-EU/EEA governments have been raised. Such safeguards ought to additional improve belief within the data processing providers that more and more underpin the European data economic system,” the EU document mentioned.
It mentioned that suppliers of data processing providers can have “to take all affordable technical, authorized and organisational measures to forestall such entry that might doubtlessly battle with competing obligations to shield such data beneath EU legislation, except strict situations are met”.
The Data Act seeks to develop interoperability requirements for data to be used between sectors following issues of limitations to data sharing inside and between industries.
It additionally aims to make it simpler for firms to change between cloud and edge providers by setting out minimal regulatory contractual, industrial and technical necessities on suppliers of cloud, edge and different data processing providers to allow switching between such providers.
The Commission has set a tentative date of Feb. 23 for publishing the Data Act.
(Reporting by Foo Yun Chee; Editing by Bernadette Baum)